Diran Adebayo
Some thoughts on Barack, the African in him, and ‘Post-black’

Oh Barack. Dear, dear Barack. How do I love thee? Let me count the ways…

Number one, you’re a smoker! It seemed barely credible, in these days of the New Health and with that practice now barely legal, that one of ours could regain the world’s most powerful office. You, in your twenty-two month great adventure, have proved yourself the most inspiring cigs-man since football’s Johann Cruyff. I thought of you as a pair of young women from my local estate accosted me by the newsagent’s last weekend and asked me to do them a favour. ‘Puff on these,” I eased my conscience, as I handed over the goods, “and you may become Barack one day.”

Smoking is not important, but I read it as a sign, along with the other evidence – your one time dabblings with drugs, your lingering relationships with radical former tutors, your poker-playing, your liking of hip-hop and that clever, nuanced TV show ‘The Wire’, that you are, basically, a hip, ‘down’, college boy, a type that many millions around the globe get and have no problem with. You’re at the slightly naughtier end of that set, to be sure – you are, in Jimi Hendrix’s phrase ‘experienced’, but that, as regards your role-model prospects, is even better. For too long, the minority-thick, poorer communities of this hemisphere have been swayed by the entertainers, by the street-educators of Rap’s capitalist classes, by the streets of many of their lives; now there is blatantly another way, also achievable, also solvent, also cool enough. You, your college-professor self and your equally-qualified, wife, buttressed no doubt by the added authenticity that a country with a long-time sizeable black middle-class furnishes you, and that the rest of us in the west can only envy, have dramatically raised the relevance and the leadership-potential for us black intellectuals, black ‘elites’. Now, both street and scholar have one excuse less.

I like you too because, though I’ve had many issues with your party down the years (not least with the one you’re most often compared to, John F-didn’t have the-balls-to-invite friend Sammy Davis Jnr to his inauguration-Kennedy), as I have with your nearest equivalents on our side of the pond, I’ve always rather it was your lot than the others. I fancy I’ll welcome your foreign policy more than I did the Iraq-bombing Bush, indeed more than I did the last Democratic incumbent, the Somalia-bombing,Rwanda-avoiding Clinton. There seems to be a hope, as you’lll know, in some parts of the world that you will be somehow President-for Africa, President-for-the-south: I do not expect that – you have to be America’s President and act in its interests, but I do expect more, because you are, as I say, experienced.

Experience, inexperience. Funny things …Some years ago, at one of our big literary festivals, Hay-on-Wye, I had the pleasure of meeting one of your literary ‘greats’, the late New Yorker Norman Mailer. Across a crowded ‘Green Room’, our eyes met, as they will when one is the author of ‘The White Negro’ and the other is the only black in the house. So, we spoke and although, I’m embarassed again to say I don’t recall so much of it – Suzanne Vega wafted across and I quite wanted her autograph – we did chat about New York and I remember leaving with the distinct impresion that I – for all his New York talk down all these years – may have seen more of that city than he because I had seen all his bits – the Village, the upper East side, but he had seen little of some of mine – the Flatbush Avenues, the Fort Greenes, the Bed-Stuys. That black is so often discussed as if it’s ‘less’ when in fact, especially, I guess, at the elite end, it tends to be more.

You have that moreness in spades, and that counts for so much in a country as insular and as ethnically segregated as your own. With Hawaii, Indonesia, black and white America and, crucially, Africa, you have a fair chunk of the world in you. The Africa is key because it is likely to give you, in the many racially-accented matters you will face, a difference in spirit.

We Africans seem to have a milder take on these things. Hard to say why it might be, except the fact that our relationship with European masters was much briefer than the hundreds of years for which black peoples were subjugated in the Americas, during slavery, the plantations, and after. Our cultural practices were less disrupted, our mass entry to the West more recent, less traumatised on the whole. I’m sure you’ve noticed that subtle but clear difference between say, an African-American gathering and an Africans-in-America one, as I have between a British Caribbean- gathering and a Brit-African- one; between, dare I say it, you and your African-American wife whose still burning upset was apparent when she said that now, for the first time in her adult life, she was proud of her country. There is a deeper ease of spirit amongst Africans of direct descent. I’ve increasingly suspected that it would take an African or a biracial person, these who could to some degree stand outside the heavy history of the Americas, to see beyond, and make white America relax sufficiently for the game-changing breakthrough. And it does fit so sweetly; the African returning to America, but this time not in a slave hold; now the captain of the ship.

That you have ‘got beyond’ is a tribute to your vision and to what I really, really like about you. that you are the first person to execute a near-perfect ‘post-black’ campaign and, in so doing, solve the disconnect that has long plagued minorities and the coalitions they have forged in the west.

Here is the problem: whites, as your campaign has proved beyond doubt, don’t like race, but we do. They don’t fully ‘get’ race, and this is particularly true in countries like mine which, unlike yours, was not founded on race. Many western whites do not even see themselves most of the time as being part of a ‘race’, their race being the norm. For them, race is something that happens to other people and when it does, it is something they feel embarassed or threatened by or defensive about or uncomfortable with, or wary of or weary of or impatient with, and this is just as true among the progressive whites with whom we have done most of our dealings. The left love racism, my God, how they love racism – the great proportion of black stories that get attention or get commissioned are to do with or reduced to racism, the one black story they can examine themselves in – but they don’t truly respect race; they see it, the stuff that still has to be done because of it, as second-rate, parochial, temporary, something that all bright, right-minded people surely wish to get beyond, so we can all be happy, hanging together and having children who look a bit like you. Blame it on a commitment, to the universality of man, I guess, plus their tendancy, in concert with certain one-note blacks, to always problematize race, but for most black people, race is only a problem when it’s racism. The rest of the time, race and what goes with it is fine. It’s is normal, they understand, for human beings to bond and racial-cultural bonding, is one of the ways, in which we do it. Race, for minorities, is mainly about resources. Race is what has allowed a bunch of newly arrived, mainly illegal Nigerian and Congolese immigrants to find haven and a job at my north London barbers, One of them would have had a cousin who worked there, and so he comes first cap in hand, and soon the word spreads to his countrymen and then to fellow Africans. Race and culture what accounts for that shared-secret smile at that black party, a hundred strong , when some rare groove tune comes on that their parents had and that didn’t make the charts Race is what has made 90+ percent of African-Americans who turned out Tuesday vote for you. Race is true.

In our post-Civil Rights, post-Windrush period, when racism can no longer be relied upon to be the ring to bind us all, this disconnect is now impacting in-house. We have the emergence of our own black middle-class, still a relative sprinkle, but many of them feel they’re doing perfectly well thank you, and race-as-problem has proved no hindrance in their careers; who feel that racial calls are the refuge of the weaker ones, though race may have fasttracked them, as it may have you. Or some like me who, in various journeys through lands like yours and mine, hasn’t seen the amount of racism he might have expected to if certain stories were true, and so was not surprised at the scale of your victory yesterday; who has seen, if anything, racial suspicion, usually diffused when people meet and discover other matters to connect through. Still others who are blacks-in-Britain but not part of a black community they perceive as being too race-minded. And running beneath, the coming thing, certainly in our neck of the woods – a nineties/ noughties generation, less ideological, more materially-driven, more ‘post-racial’ in aspiration. One more inclined to believe they can have it all in a Leona Lewis-X-Factor, Olympics, inclusive Britain kind of way, just as this big Britain has begun to turn the screws on what it expects from its newer arrivals. Witness the numerous attacks we’ve been having these last few years, stepped up since our 07/ 07, from central government, from Trevor Phillips at the Equalities and Human Rights Commmision, to this year’s UK Defence Report, on the dangers and failures of multiculturalism, on the need for a revitalised, more enforced sense of Britishness. It is seductive, this velvet-glove-in- toughish-fist offer, not least because the alternative – our established, Civil-Rights-filtered black British-approach, despite certain hype to the contrary, still seems a thing that is failing too many; the many black youth underachieving at school, the many black actors and directors still getting rusty on British film sets (not). The answer, the likeliest route though all these camps, all with their claims to legitimacy, could only be ‘Post-Black’: in my Britain-oriented conception (because Britain seemed most where it was needed), an acknowledgement that the race-centric methods and philosophy we’ve employed for doing black culture since the Windrush have had their time, and the search for more viable alternatives and strategies that still have a progressive, pro-black agenda.

I have been talking up ‘Post-black’ for a while now, and I have to say nothing I’ve ever broached over many years of public fora raises the hackles of black audiences quicker. It’s because they assume I mean ‘post-racial’, some neutered, ‘sellout’ thing (proof, if any were needed that, notwithstanding our own youth-tendancies, the ‘post-racial’ lens through which white commentators have seen you has been largely yet another race matter in which whites are interrogating their own hopes and fears). But it’s not post-racial or even post-black really, I explain, just post-this black, this present way of doing things. Our new approach has to be more layered, has to speak to people who want to hear different things. Layered in the way that yours was a campaign of majority-targetted words, and quieter signs.

No, not post-racial, not just a one-stop-shop. Better, newer than that – that much has been clear by the choices you’ve made, the church you attended (and which person of colour did not know someone, after 9-11, who said, like Reverend Wright, that these were America’s chickens coming home to roost?), and that wonderful speech on race you then had need to give. You’re more this sweeping line in the sand. A hundred years ago, your African-American forbear WEB Du Bois said that the problem of race, ‘the colour line’, would define the 20th century. The 21st century’s equivalent, for black westerners at least, will be the line dividing those who are race-centric and those who aren’t.

This Post-Black era, now you’ve finally got it up and running, will bring richer dividends, wider reach, without doubt, to black artists, entrepreneurs and politicians alike, certainly on our less-race battered, and less black-populated side of the pond. It will mean some re-focus of energies, a change in some of the debates we get engaged in. If Britain is more averse now to a certain kind of black identity, to fleshen out just one possibility, then why not put ourselves at the forefront of the citizenship debates that are currently of so much import to old and new Europe? After all, us black Britons, with our newer, particular take on citizenship, should have much to offer here that’s useful to new others, or old ones remaking themselves.. I feel a film coming on: a Pole , a black Briton and a Romany, a wry , hunam comedy; funds from the big paymaster that is the European Union… New coalitions, new self-identifications. 
Any winning idea to win through must have both economic and charismatic or ‘dignity’ appeal. You with your charisma, the reasonableness that shines through you, and, darn it, all that power, are the poster-boy we’ve been looking for.

I put a bet on you, Barack, a while back at the start of your grand adventure, at lovely long odds, to do the Double – the Democratic nomination then the presidency. I only collected, you see, if both came through. So what can I say, bro? You’ve not only done this mighty thing you’ve done, you’ve solved a quiet, little, credit crunch too!

Luv ya, 

(c) Diran Adebayo 2008
* Diran’s short story, ‘P is for Post-black’ is in the collection, ‘Underwords: The Hidden City’ (Maia Press).

1,044 thoughts on “Some thoughts on Barack, the African in him, and ‘Post-black’

  1. Pingback: buy cialis rush
  2. Pingback: Google
  3. Pingback: buy philippines
  4. Pingback: X Men Arcade
  5. Pingback: about canada
  6. Pingback: bullet vibrator
  7. Pingback: lovoo alternative
  8. Pingback: 20mg for sale
  9. Pingback: cialis tablets
  10. Pingback: adult
  11. Pingback: Mac 10 for sale
  12. Pingback: low cost aurogra
  13. Pingback: canada pharmacies
  14. Pingback: slot online
  15. Pingback: electric bikes
  16. Pingback: sex toys
  17. Pingback: anal plugs
  18. Pingback: strap on sex toys
  19. Pingback: male masturbators
  20. Pingback: Pinball machines
  21. Pingback: PARROTS FOR SALE
  22. Pingback: ATTA MACHINE
  23. Pingback: sildenafil cost uk
  24. Pingback: cialis 50mg price
  25. Pingback: 40 mg sildenafil
  26. Pingback: soft viagra
  27. Pingback: sildenafil 50 mg
  28. Pingback: kratom for sale
  29. Pingback: Online dating
  30. Pingback: Dating online
  31. Pingback: metoprolol 25 mg
  32. Pingback: losartan 25mg
  33. Pingback: best online viagra
  34. Pingback: duloxetine class
  35. Pingback: cymbalta for pain
  36. Pingback: mirtazapine moa
  37. Pingback: bupropion 300mg xl
  38. Pingback: celexa 20 mg
  39. Pingback: keto liquid diet
  40. Pingback: tizanidine 4mg
  41. Pingback: keto diet dr berg
  42. Pingback: bupropion 150 mg
  43. Pingback: cytotmeds.com
  44. Pingback: Food License Delhi
  45. Pingback: carvedilol 25 mg
  46. Pingback: metronidazole dose
  47. Pingback: viagra buy online
  48. Pingback: 20mg cialis daily
  49. Pingback: sildenafil 25 mg
  50. Pingback: Marijuana Gummies
  51. Pingback: buy delta 8 THC
  52. Pingback: priligy 30mg
  53. Pingback: donepezil
  54. Pingback: cefdinir
  55. Pingback: cephalexin dose
  56. Pingback: zithromax 500 mg
  57. Pingback: buy weed
  58. Pingback: buy weed
  59. Pingback: cialis cost cvs
  60. Pingback: buy weed online
  61. Pingback: cialis pills india
  62. Pingback: buy guns online
  63. Pingback: sildenafil 20 mg
  64. Pingback: Komunitas obligasi
  65. Pingback: MUT
  66. Pingback: buy viagra cheap
  67. Pingback: generic viagra
  68. Pingback: cialis wikipedia
  69. Pingback: levitra 10
  70. Pingback: tadalafil 40 mg
  71. Pingback: xs sights
  72. Pingback: lasix diuretic
  73. Pingback: xenical 120mg uk
  74. Pingback: finasteride 1mg
  75. Pingback: careprost ebay
  76. Pingback: tadalafil 100mg
  77. Pingback: cialis 20mg cost
  78. Pingback: Canadian service
  79. Pingback: HBCUO
  80. Pingback: buy juul pods
  81. Pingback: cialis cost uk
  82. Pingback: cialis dose
  83. Pingback: viagra gum
  84. Pingback: fleshlight
  85. Pingback: tourism
  86. Pingback: best herbal viagra
  87. Pingback: fatih escort
  88. Pingback: buy weed Dubai
  89. Pingback: fun88
  90. Pingback: hosting deals
  91. Pingback: MILF Porn
  92. Pingback: huay
  93. Pingback: prostate toys
  94. Pingback: adam and eve dildo
  95. Pingback: THC Cartridge
  96. Pingback: 99defi Blockchain
  97. Pingback: eminonu escort
  98. Pingback: streamcomplet
  99. Pingback: french streaming
  100. Pingback: jogar online
  101. Pingback: streaming gratuit
  102. Pingback: download video tw
  103. Pingback: male sex toys
  104. Pingback: sex toys
  105. Pingback: 1xbit app
  106. Pingback: male strokers
  107. Pingback: quetiapine reddit
  108. Pingback: best in ottawa
  109. Pingback: discount viagra
  110. Pingback: 안전놀이터
  111. Pingback: 피망포커머니
  112. Pingback: canada viagra
  113. Pingback: therme skincare
  114. Pingback: Dank vapes
  115. Pingback: OXYCODONE FOR SALE
  116. Pingback: herbal viagra
  117. Pingback: handjob
  118. Pingback: free viagra
  119. Pingback: 1
  120. Pingback: anal sex toys
  121. Pingback: cymbalta reviews
  122. Pingback: cialis 10 mg
  123. Pingback: sildenafil
  124. Pingback: free app download
  125. Pingback: order cialis in uk
  126. Pingback: pills like cialis
  127. Pingback: ivermectin paypal
  128. Pingback: mp3 downloader
  129. Pingback: viagra generic
  130. Pingback: Monkeys For Sale
  131. Pingback: price of viagra
  132. Pingback: buy viagra online
  133. Pingback: propecia 5mg utube
  134. Pingback: best male sex toys
  135. Pingback: Serengeti safari
  136. Pingback: aromatherapy shop
  137. Pingback: sildenafil 50 mg
  138. Pingback: web development
  139. Pingback: buy cialis viagra
  140. Pingback: jama ivermectin
  141. Pingback: ventolin 200 mcg
  142. Pingback: ivermectin goat
  143. Pingback: WEED PUFF BAR
  144. Pingback: ivermectin durvet
  145. Pingback: taurus gx4
  146. Pingback: sig p320
  147. Pingback: magic mushrooms
  148. Pingback: magic mushrooms
  149. Pingback: cialis for men
  150. Pingback: zithromax medscape
  151. Pingback: juul mint
  152. Pingback: s&w 642 for sale
  153. Pingback: ROVE CARTRIDGES
  154. Pingback: ewin chairs
  155. Pingback: stromectol usa
  156. Pingback: gigabyte d33006
  157. Pingback: buy hex dumbbells
  158. Pingback: finance podcast
  159. Pingback: buy ritalin online
  160. Pingback: RissMiner
  161. Pingback: Sig Sauer Firearms
  162. Pingback: dizziness
  163. Pingback: bitcoin
  164. Pingback: wendy fiore
  165. Pingback: clamelle otc
  166. Pingback: Kenya safari
  167. Pingback: savage grow
  168. Pingback: sig sauer handguns
  169. Pingback: agzimi sikin benim
  170. Pingback: strokers
  171. Pingback: Seiko 5
  172. Pingback: raw garden carts
  173. Pingback: fda be safe rx
  174. Pingback: happyLuke
  175. Pingback: amoxicillin drug
  176. Pingback: furosemide lasix
  177. Pingback: 2666 gabapentin
  178. Pingback: plaquenil 200 mg
  179. Pingback: priligy uk price
  180. Pingback: stromectol 3mg
  181. Pingback: juil pods near me
  182. Pingback: zithromax 500 mg
  183. Pingback: lasix online
  184. Pingback: gabapentin 104
  185. Pingback: cialis effects
  186. Pingback: stromectol cream
  187. Pingback: zithromax pills
  188. Pingback: payday loans
  189. Pingback: tadalafil goodrx
  190. Pingback: Mining Rigs
  191. Pingback: viagra
  192. Pingback: www.happyruck.com
  193. Pingback: Artvin Gazette
  194. Pingback: russian characters
  195. Pingback: e-cigs for sale uk
  196. Pingback: powerful vibrator
  197. Pingback: pleasure kits
  198. Pingback: Shroom Edibles
  199. Pingback: viagra 100
  200. Pingback: DailyCBD.com
  201. Pingback: beretta 84 380 acp
  202. Pingback: cialis company
  203. Pingback: Uganda Tours
  204. Pingback: kimber rifles
  205. Pingback: THC Oil for Sale
  206. Pingback: call girls
  207. Pingback: buy stromectol uk
  208. Pingback: stiiizy store
  209. Pingback: sig m17
  210. Pingback: 2cb synthesis
  211. Pingback: takeout
  212. Pingback: buy aa12
  213. Pingback: uca.com.vn
  214. Pingback: apk pure
  215. Pingback: Buy Xanax Online
  216. Pingback: tadalafil troche
  217. Pingback: Web development
  218. Pingback: rabbit sex toy
  219. Pingback: best clit vibrator
  220. Pingback: huge dildos
  221. Pingback: butt plug review
  222. Pingback: kenya education
  223. Pingback: divorce lawyers
  224. Pingback: cervelo r2 on sale
  225. Pingback: ZYDONE FOR SALE
  226. Pingback: canada sex toys
  227. Pingback: how viagra works
  228. Pingback: sex toys for clit
  229. Pingback: online cialis
  230. Pingback: vape carts
  231. Pingback: cialis 600 mg
  232. Pingback: cialis sale cheap
  233. Pingback: ghb 99%
  234. Pingback: Learn Even more
  235. Pingback: exclcialisite.com
  236. Pingback: adult toys
  237. Pingback: lumigan allergan
  238. Pingback: buy sextoys
  239. Pingback: olumiant price usa
  240. Pingback: look at more info
  241. Pingback: nolvadex pills
  242. Pingback: Hk vp9
  243. Pingback: - do si dos strain
  244. Pingback: glock 43x
  245. Pingback: Herbal Incense
  246. Pingback: 1teachers
  247. Pingback: molnupiravir price
  248. Pingback: ivermectin syrup
  249. Pingback: tiktok video down
  250. Pingback: clomid pills
  251. Pingback: ivermectin lice
  252. Pingback: wavellite for sale
  253. Pingback: Glock 23
  254. Pingback: fetis escort
  255. Pingback: cialisblack
  256. Pingback: penis pump
  257. Pingback: delifrance
  258. Pingback: genericviagra
  259. Pingback: tria
  260. Pingback: custom boxes
  261. Pingback: glock 28
  262. Pingback: learn more
  263. Pingback: Real krt
  264. Pingback: junk cars
  265. Pingback: buy stromectol uk
  266. Pingback: BERETTA PX4 STORM
  267. Pingback: CZ Shadow 2
  268. Pingback: Weed Delivery
  269. Pingback: penis sleeve
  270. Pingback: Restaurant
  271. Pingback: stock market news
  272. Pingback: anita
  273. Pingback: clomid 100 mg
  274. Pingback: Google
  275. Pingback: clomid iui
  276. Pingback: penis vacuum pump
  277. Pingback: podcast canada
  278. Pingback: buy clomid india
  279. Pingback: ed solutions
  280. Pingback: ivermectin 1mg
  281. Pingback: Haupia strain
  282. Pingback: Platinum haupia
  283. Pingback: Haupia strain
  284. Pingback: Bubble hash
  285. Pingback: Moroccan hash
  286. Pingback: Litto disposable
  287. Pingback: Bubble hash
  288. Pingback: cialis 20 mg price
  289. Pingback: ivermectin reddit
  290. Pingback: revatio
  291. Pingback: zithromax 250 mg
  292. Pingback: kamagra chewables
  293. Pingback: femara 2.5 mg
  294. Pingback: apple headphones
  295. Pingback: beats earbuds
  296. Pingback: express pharmacy
  297. Pingback: purchase cipro
  298. Pingback: treatment for ed
  299. Pingback: what is Stromectol
  300. Pingback: top rated ed pills
  301. Pingback: ivermectin syrup
  302. Pingback: ivermectin 12 mg
  303. Pingback: buy kamagra online
  304. Pingback: sms onay
  305. Pingback: steroid satın al
  306. Pingback: stromectol pill
  307. Pingback: ozempic
  308. Pingback: hacklink
  309. Pingback: steroid satın al
  310. Pingback: esser
  311. Pingback: ooohd3.ru
  312. Pingback: sitemap
  313. Pingback: BoostGrams
  314. Pingback: rasshifrovka karti
  315. Pingback: konsultaciya
  316. Pingback: stromectol?
  317. Pingback: 777
  318. Pingback: site
  319. Pingback: levitra dosage
  320. Pingback: ventolin hfa
  321. Pingback: 354
  322. Pingback: Moda Danışmanı
  323. Pingback: Diyet Yolu
  324. Pingback: Yeni Başlayanlar
  325. Pingback: gezginizm
  326. Pingback: izmir travesti
  327. Pingback: escort
  328. Pingback: Link
  329. Pingback: Opel Oto Çıkma
  330. Pingback: Blog
  331. Pingback: film
  332. Pingback: porno
  333. Pingback: new 2024
  334. Pingback: batman apollo
  335. Pingback: Porn
  336. Pingback: 123 Movies
  337. Pingback: buy priligy 60 mg
  338. Pingback: yasam ayavefe
  339. Pingback: 000
  340. Pingback: samorazvitiepsi
  341. Pingback: psy
  342. Pingback: ventolin
  343. Pingback: buy clomid online
  344. Pingback: porno
  345. Pingback: sms onay
  346. Pingback: steroid
  347. Pingback: tadalista
  348. Pingback: sms onay
  349. Pingback: steroid sipariş
  350. Pingback: Anonymous
  351. Pingback: travesti.site
  352. Pingback: Cenforce 200mg
  353. Pingback: garapu
  354. Pingback: clomiphene
  355. Pingback: prednisolone 5mg
  356. Pingback: levitra generico
  357. Pingback: vidalista 60
  358. Pingback: list
  359. Pingback: buy cenforce 200mg
  360. Pingback: incirpleiat
  361. Pingback: clomid cost
  362. Pingback: clomiphene Citrate
  363. Pingback: clomid uk
  364. Pingback: Cheap clomid pills
  365. Pingback: clomid Buy
  366. Pingback: Kod Bulutu
  367. Pingback: dapoxetine priligy
  368. Pingback: dapoxetine.
  369. Pingback: russian-federation
  370. Pingback: human design
  371. Pingback: vassycalvados.fr
  372. Pingback: vidalista 40
  373. Pingback: Poliçe Paneli
  374. Pingback: cenforce chewable
  375. Pingback: cenforce d
  376. Pingback: kamagra oral jelly
  377. Pingback: link
  378. Pingback: vidalista 20
  379. Pingback: Porno
  380. Pingback: fildena 100mg
  381. Pingback: buy cenforce 200

Comments are closed.